How to Write Bibliography



How to write bibliography will depend on which format you use. There are two different formats for a bibliography that are used most often today.

This includes the American Psychological Association Bibliography(APA) and the Modern Language Association Bibliography(MLA)format.

Providing the bibliography in its proper format, will allow the reader to verify the information and find additional resources.

Review the information below on how to write bibliography effectively, it covers the basics of how to write bibliography for the two most widely used methods.



Writing the MLA Bibliography

1. Citing a Book. Author's name(s); title in italics; city of publication, publisher, year of publication. 

2. Citing a Magazine. Article title in quotations; magazine title in italics; volume number (and issue number if applicable); date of publication; page number(s). 

 3. Citing a Newspaper.  Author(s) name; article title in quotations; newspaper title in italics; date of publication; volume and issue (if applicable); edition (i.e. morning ed., evening ed.--if applicable).

 4. Citing an Encyclopedia.  Title of article; title of encyclopedia in italics; year of publication.

 5. Citing a Website.  Author(s) name (if available); date of publication (If available); title of work in italics (if it is a periodical, then title of article followed by title of periodical in italics); month, date and year used as source; full URL address.

MLA Style Bibliography Sample (place sources in alphabetical order)

MLA Bibliography Example


 

Davis, R. A. "The future of electric vehicles." New York Times August 28 2011. 5 October 2011 <http://www.nytimes.com >

"Electric Vehicles." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2010.

Stein, C. M., and K. King. Electric Vehicles and the Global Economy. New York: Random, 2008.

"The Best  Electric Vehicles." Consumer Reports Magazine 12 Nov. 2010: 25-26.

Twain, Terry. "Electric Vehicles in the United States." New York Times 15 Feb. 2009, early ed.: B1.

 

 

Writing the APA Bibliography

1. Citing a Book.  Author's name(s); year of publication in parentheses; title in italics; city of publication, publisher. 

2. Citing a Magazine.  Article title; date of publication in parentheses; magazine title in italics; volume number (and issue number if applicable); page number(s). 

3. Citing a Newspaper.  Author(s) name; date of publication in parentheses; article title; newspaper title in italics; volume and issue (if applicable).

4. Citing an Encyclopedia.  Title of article; year of publication in parentheses; title of encyclopedia in italics; page number(s) in parentheses with p. or pp. in front; city of publication, publisher.

5. Citing a Website.  Author(s) name (if available); title of work; title of website or database in italics; date of publication (If available); month, date and year used as source; full URL address.

APA Style Bibliography Sample (place sources in alphabetical order)

APA Bibliography Example

 

Davis, R. A. (2011, August 28). The future of electric vehicles. New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2011, from http://www.nytimes.com

 

Electric Vehicles. (2010). Encyclopedia Britannica. (pp. 207-208). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.

 

Stein, C. M., and K. King. (2008). Electric Vehicles and the Global Economy. Cambridge, New York: Random.

 

The Best Electric Vehicles. (November 2010). Consumer Reports Magazine, 12, 25-26.

 

Twain, Terry. (2009, February 15). Electric Vehicles in the United States. New York Times, p. B1.

 This article simply covers the basics of how to write bibliography for the two most widely used methods. The MLA Bibliography format and the ALA Bibliography format.  For more in-depth information, we recommend you obtain the appropriate manual.


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Click here for more information on how to write bibliography. Gathering the source information for a bibliography.






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